During the general debate of the United Nations General Assembly, which ended on 26 September, the number of countries depositing their instruments of ratification reached 61, exceeding one of the two thresholds required for its entry into force. The world`s two largest emitters, China and the United States, had already joined the agreement. On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement.  According to Article 28, the earliest possible effective withdrawal date for the United States is November 4, 2020, with the agreement having entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016. If it had chosen to withdraw from the UNFCCC, it could be notified immediately (the UNFCCC entered into force for the United States in 1994) and enter into force a year later. The 4. In August 2017, the Trump administration sent an official notice to the United Nations stating that the United States intended to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it was legally allowed to do so.  The formal resignation could not be submitted until the agreement was in force for the United States for 3 years in 2019.   Both the EU and its Member States are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement.
A strong preference has been expressed for the EU and its 28 Member States to deposit their instruments of ratification at the same time to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that strictly belong to each other, and there are concerns that there will be disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target – as well as the UK`s vote. in favor of leaving the EU could undermine the Paris Delay the Pact.  However, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement on 4 October 2016 and the EU deposited its instruments of ratification on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  Germany can support India`s serious climate engagement by strengthening India`s domestic action through enhanced bilateral cooperation. Existing bilateral agreements, such as the German-Indian Solar Alliance, offer many opportunities for India to embark on low-carbon development. Solar initiatives, in particular, can build on existing measures, but to reach the goal of 100 GW of solar energy by 2022, a lot of additional capacity needs to be installed. Germany can certainly help India anchor solar energy through the right information, know-how and technologies. India is responsible for about 4.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions and has become the 62nd country to ratify the agreement. Here`s everything you need to know about India`s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement: According to reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global warming above 2 degrees Celsius will lead to an increase in the number of “extreme weather events.” One of the main objectives of the Paris Agreement is therefore to keep the increase in global temperature “well below” 2 degrees Celsius and to make efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Compact and its progress are reviewed every five years. In addition, developed countries have pledged to finance developing countries to the tune of $100 billion per year by 2020, and have pledged to increase it further in the future. While there is no penalty for countries that miss their targets, the agreement includes transparency rules to encourage countries to meet their commitments. Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s announcement on Sunday that India will ratify the Paris Agreement on October 2, Mahatma Gandhi`s birthday, has made it almost certain that the climate agreement will enter into force this year. “The time has come to ratify the COP21 protocol. India will be there on the 2nd. October against Gandhi Jayanti,” Modi said while speaking at the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) national board meeting in Kozhikode, Kerala, on Sunday. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced last month that India would ratify the deal on October 2, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of Britain`s struggle for independence. The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement. India, one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, has ratified the Global Paris Climate Agreement. India made the world news today, October 2 – Gandhi`s Brittag, a special day for India – by submitting its ratification of the Paris Climate Agreement to the United Nations.
With India`s formal accession to the agreement, it not only accepts its obligations under the agreement, but also takes another step towards the entry into force of the agreement. India`s ratification signals a new, more active role in international climate policy, building on progress made at the national level. The coming years will be crucial to confirm India`s development path in a greener and more sustainable direction. Partnerships with countries like Germany will be key to enabling this transformation. India currently produces about 4.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the country is growing rapidly. The Paris Agreement requires all countries that ratify it to present a national plan to limit global temperature rise, and as part of its plan, India has set a goal of producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. The United States officially ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in September. Of the world`s top 10 emitters of greenhouse gases, only the United States, China and India have submitted their ratification documents, according to the 2015 Paris Conference. The world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases include the 28 countries of the European Union – which is counted as a single entity for the purposes of the treaty – and Russia has not yet formally approved the plan. Under the Paris Agreement, India has committed to reducing the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of its gross domestic product from 33% to 35% by 2030, increasing electricity capacity for non-fossil fuels from 28% in 2015 to 40%, and significantly increasing forest cover to reduce carbon dioxide. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that addresses mitigation, adaptation to greenhouse gas emissions and financing from 2020 onwards.
The agreement aims to address the threat of global climate change by keeping a global temperature increase this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and making efforts to further limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.  The United States and China – collectively responsible for 40% of global carbon emissions – both formally joined the Global Paris Climate Agreement earlier this month. On 4 November 2019, the United States notified the depositary of its withdrawal from the Agreement, which is to take effect exactly one year after that date.  India`s prime minister told US special envoy for climate John Kerry on Wednesday that New Delhi was committed to meeting its commitments under the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement and was on track to meet them. .